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Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus
CommonName:     Maximianus
FullName:  Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus
Reign:  286-305; 306-308; 310 AD
Title:  Emperor (West)
Born:  240 AD
Died:  310 AD
Relationship:  Colleague of Diocletian
An old comrade-in-arms of Diocletian, and like him an Illyrian soldier, he was selected as Diocletian's assistant, first as Caesar, then as junior Augustus. He got his military start largely because of anarchy in Gaul; bands of displaced peasants known as "Bagaudae", crushed between barbarians and tax-collectors, had taken to a life of robbery. Maximianus crushed them, battled Alemanni and Burgundians, then had to face the rebellion of Carausius. He beat the barbarians, but was no real match at sea for Carausius.

In the formal division of territory in the First Tetrarchy Maximian received Italy, North Africa and Spain. His Caesar, Constantius, ruled in Gaul and Germany; Constantius thus got the job of dealiing with Carausius. Maximian on his own dealt with marauding Mauretanian tribesmen, the so-called Quinquegentanei. He was also keen to put into effect the anti-Christian edicts.

In 305 Diocletian abdicated, and persuaded a very reluctant Maximian to retire as well. Maximian retired to Lucania, where he remained poised to meddle. Unlike Diocletian he had a son Maxentius. Accordingly he began to scheme for a comeback.

In July 306 the senior Augustus, Constantius, died at Eboracium (York), after sending for his son Constantine. Galerius wanted to promote his own candidate; the troops in Britain had other ideas, and proclaimed Constantine. Maxentius, believing himself as good as Constantine, proclaimed himself, and invited Maximian to come out of retirement. Maximian didn't wait for a second invitation. He in turn tried to persuate Diocletian, but the latter wanted no part in it.

Galerius was - barely - willing to put up with Constantine, but Maxentius was too much to stomach. He ordered Severus to deal with this usurpartion. Severus duly marched on Rome, but was unable to take it; between the strength of Rome's walls and the power of Maxentius's bribes, Severus saw his army melt away. Severus soon found himself a prisoner.

Galerius prepared to march on Italy. Maximianus went looking for allies, and he found a good one by marrying his daughter Fausta to Constantine. When Galerius invaded Constantine at least was neutral; Galerius found his army facing exactly the same situation as Severus had, with his army melting in the face of bribes.

Maximianus meanwhile returned from his dealings with Constantine, and decided that he was the rightful emperor in Rome. He accordingly tried to depose Maxentius; the plot backfired miserably, and Maximianus went back to Constantine, this time as a refugee.

Maxmiman seems to have decided that if he couldn't overthrow one, he'd overthrow another. He next tried to incite the soldiers to overthrow Constantine. He tried various means: he incited the troops left behind when Constantine went to fight the Franks; then he tried to get Fausta to help him murder Constantine. After the first he was pardoned, but after the second he was persuaded to kill himself.
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Maximianus Follis "Jupiter" NOT IN RIC Maximianus AD 285-308 Large module Billon Follis - "The Genius of the People of Rome" Obv: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS PF AVG - Laureate head right Rev: GENIO POPV-L-I ROMANI - Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia Exe: HTB.9.0gm. Heraclea mint AD 300-305? = NOT 23b, RIC VI, page 532. Comment: Although the style of this coin is Heraclean with the unusual spacing of POPV-L-I and the portrait style. The problem is all Folli for Maximianus use the inscription of IMP C MA VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG and notice here VAL is missing. Our guess at AAH is this coin was struck during the last five years of the first Tetrarchy and for some unknown reason, failed to get listed. Thus this is a sleeper.
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Maximianus, 286 310 AD. Follis, ca. 307, Mint: Treveri, issued in the Spring of 307.  RIC # 722, listed as scarce.  It is during Maximianus' first abdication, just before his second reign, and the legend "S AVG" refers to him as a Senior Augustus.  By the summer of 307, Mad Max was issuing coins with the standard "IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG" obverse legend of an active ruler.
RIC VI, S. 212, 722.

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Maximianus. 286-305 AD. Æ Follis (10.28 gm). Struck circa 300-305 AD. IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right / GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI, Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopiae. RIC VI 17. Nice VF Mint=Thessalonica, 298 - 355


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Maximianus with reverse of Vot XX within wreath and epsylon.VF.

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Maximians second reign,post reform bronze radiate;305-308 A.D. RIC VI part 2, # 37b, similar to Sear 3640, Carthage
Mint. Rev. "vot xx" in 2 lines in wreath. Fine-very fine, reverse is 180 degrees out of alignment.

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3d century debased bronze coin. VOT XX FF commemorates 30th election as tribune.
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Sear 3630, Carthage mint Obverse:  His laureate head right. Reverse:  Africa standing left, holding standard and tusk, lion at feet. 'FELIX ADVENT AVGG NN' 'PKS' in exergue.Size:  27 mmWeight:  9.83 g aF/aF - Scarce.
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Sear 3630, Carthage mint Obverse:  His laureate head right. Reverse:  Africa standing left, holding standard and tusk, lion at feet. 'FELIX ADVENT AVGG NN' 'PKS' in exergue.Size:  27 mmWeight:  9.83 g aF/aF - Scarce. Complete inscriptions, good detail and portrait. Scratch on obverse.
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Maximianus.   It's a nice EF coin with nearly full silvering.  A Hercules HERCVLO PACIFERO reverse
minted in Lugdunum between 287 and 288 AD.

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Maximianus, AE antoninianus, (2.76g) IMP C MA VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG Radiate and cuirassed bust right. / HERACLI CONSERVAT; Hercules standing right, holding club and lion skin, T in exergue left. Near EF, toned silvering.

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MAXIMIANUS  AE Antoninianus Rev: Hercules standing right leaning on club holding victory on globe.

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Maximianus RIC V, Part II, #460 VIRTVTI AVGG - Hercules stg. r., strangling lion; club thrown behind him, being crowned by Victory flying MAXIMIANUS I, FIRST REIGN. . 286-305 AD.. Silvered Antoninianus, 24mm. (3.67 gm). . R: Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; Victory flying above and crowning Hercules.. cf. RIC.460, Lugdunum mint.. This may have been struck as an allusion to a pending campaign against the British usurper Carausius (A.D. 288).Scarce
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Maximianus. 286-305 AD. Æ Antoninianus (3.91 gm). Struck 289 AD. Lugdunum mint. IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right / VIRTVTI AVGG, Hercules standing right, strangling lion; club behind. RIC V pt. 2, 454. Good VF. Rare.

286-305 AD, Antoninianus, Lugdunum, 287-9 AD, 3.07g. Bastien-215 (29 spec.), RIC-454, C-651. Rx: VIRTVTI AVGG Hercules fighting with Nemean lion, club behind him.
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Maximianus, A.D. 286-310 Silvered antoninianus, RIC 411 except B in ex not listed for obverse legend, choice EF, 21.5 mm, 4.5 g, Lugdunum mint, A.D. 290-293; reverse PIETAS AVGG, Pietas standing at altar, hands raised
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MAXIMIANUS A.D. 286-305 : AE follis. Obv: IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG. Rev: CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE. Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, right holding globe, left sceptre, palin pediment; in ex. R*S (Rome mint). Ref: RIC 194b. SCARCE VF+
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MAXIMIANUS. 286-310 AD.  Ae Follis. SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART. Carthage standing left holding fruit in both hands, A in ex.
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MAXIMIANUS (Marcus Aurelius Valerianus Maximianus) Junior co-Emperor of the First Tetrarchy AD 286-305 Large Follis struck during his First Reign       (8.3 grams, 26.69 mm) Obverse: IMP.MAXIMIANUS P.F.AVG, His laureated head right Reverse: SACRA MONET.AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR, Moneta standing left holding cornucopia and scales.. AQS in exergue Mint=Aquilia, 296 - 395AD

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MAXIMIANUS Junior co-Emperor of the First Tetrarchy, Silvered Bronze Antoninianus(3.7 grams, 20.18/22.38 mm) Obverse: IMP.C.MAXIMIANUS P.F.AVG, His radiated and cuirassed bust  right.Reverse: PAX AVGG, Pax standing left holding sceptre and victory on globe S in exergue. officina S=2. Reference: Sear 36I7, Van Meter 27. Grade: Extremely Fine.
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Maximianus. 286-305 AD. Æ Antoninianus (3.40 gm). Struck Click for Larger Image circa 286-295 AD. Antioch mint. IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right / IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding long sceptre and globe, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory,club and lion's skin; H/XXI. RIC V pt. 2, 622; Cohen 311.Heraclea mint.
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Maximianus. 286-305 AD. Æ Antoninianus (3.79 gm). Struck circa 286-295 AD. Antioch mint. IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right /IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter standing right, holding long sceptre and globe, facing Hercules standing left, holding Victory, club and lion's skin; (crescent)/G/XXI. RIC V pt. 2, 622; Cohen 311. Good VF,
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Maximianus, Augustus 244-249 AD AE silver washed Antoninianius, Antioch Mint, 293 AD, 3.64 gm Obv:  Radiate, cuir. bust right, IMP C M A MAXMIANVS P F AVG Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM, emperor standing right, holding scepter and receiving victory on globe from Jupiter stg left, holding scepter, E (Delta) in field, XXI below RIC V (Part II) 621, Common Good Very Fine obverse, sharp portrait, light roughness.  Reverse is Fine plus, little wear but weakly struck,    some light pitting on high points. Silver is largely intact, with some minor breaks at the high points (nose and scattered points).
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DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP, veiled and laureate head / MEMORIAE AETERNAE, eagle standing right, looking left RT mint mark.  The mintmark determines the rarity: RT and RQ areR5.
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MAXIMIANUS I HERCULIUS, 286-305 AD. Æ Antoninianus (3.83 gm) of Ticinum. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust / Jupiter standing holding thunderbolt, sceptre and two standards. RIC.561. XF.
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Maximianus 286-310AD AE Antoninianus"Jupiter"3.1gm. Pre-reform bronze antoninianus of Maximianus.Obv.Radiate bust of Maximianus right.Rev.Jupitaer standing left,holding thunderbolt and sceptre.

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MAXIMIANUS POTIN TETRADRACHM - NICE VF Obverse:Maximianus, his laureate diademed, and cuirassed bust facing right. Reverse:Eirene standing left
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MAXIMIANUS POTIN TETRADRACHM, Mint:Alexandria, Egypt BMC 2561

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MAXIMIANUS POTIN TETRADRACHM ROMAN EGYPT. Maximianus Herculius, 286-306 AD. Potin Tetradrachm (8.00 gm), yr. 2. Laureate cuirassed ust / Victory advancing with wreath and palm. Köln.3287. VF+.
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Photo Details View
MAXIMIANUS POTIN TETRADRACHM, Rome, 268-283AD, Egypt, Alexandria; Maximianus, Tetradrachm, AVF Yr.2, Alexandrian billon tetradrachm, S.4790   Rev.Eirene (Pax)Laur. dr. & cuir. bust r./Rev. Elpis (Spes stg. l., holding flower & raising the drapery of her dress, Milne 4814, nice beautiful patina.
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Photo Details View
MAXIMIANUS POTIN TETRADRACHM, Alexandrian billon tetradrachm, S.4793   Rev.  Tyche(Fortuna)

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Roman Empire. Maximianus. A.D. 286-310. AE Half-Follis. 2.950grams. Struck in Alexandria A.D. 308.Obverse: D. N. MAXIMIANO FELICISSIM. Bust r., laureate, in imperial mantle, r. hand raised.Reverse: PROVIDENTIA DEORVM. Providentia standing r., extending r. hand to Quies standing l., r. hand holding branch, l. leaning on sceptre; below, B; in exergue, ALE. RIC 676, 87b.Good Very Fine.
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OBV: IMP. MAXIMIANUS P.F. AUG. - radiate and cuirassed bust right, REV: IOVI CONSERVAT. AUGG. , XXIS in ex. - Jupiter stg. left holding victory, eagle at feet. SMMT below Mint:  NICONIEDIA F/F
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OBV: IMP. MAXIMIANUS P.F. AUG. - radiate and cuirassed bust right. EF, crisp REV: IOVI CONSERVAT. AUGG. , XXIS in ex. - Jupiter stg. left holding victory, eagle at feet.

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Maximianus, AE antoninianus, (2.98g) IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG Radiate and cuirassed bust left, holding transverse
scepter and shield. / IOVI CO NSE R VA. . . Nude Jupiter standing, head left, holding thunderbolt. VF, dark patina, thin flan.


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MAXIMIANUS AE Denarius 2.5 grams, 16.70 mm Junior co-Emperor of the First Tetrarchy AD 286-305 (First Reign) Obverse: IMP.C.M.A.MAXIMIANUS P.F.AVG, His laureated head right Reverse: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI   SIS below, Genius of the Roman people standing left half naked and wearing modius holding cornucopia and patera Reference: Sear -, Van Meter -  Grade: About Very Fine  Clear portrait and reverse Strongly struck. Even wear. Chocolate patina.Very scarce in any grade. The AE denarii have been struck in Siscia for few years during the tetrarchies
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Maximianus Roman Egypt Coin was minted in Alexandria during the first reign of Maximianus.  The obverse type depicts the laureate and cuirassed bust of Maximianus facing right, with Greek legends A.K.M.OVA.MAXIMIANOS.SEB. The reverse features Athena seated left, holding Nike and long sceptre, with regnal year LH in the fields, indicating that this piece was minted in Year 8 of the reign of Maximianus. Milne-4813.
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286-305 AD, Antoninianus, Lugdunum, 290-1 AD,Silvered antoninianus,, aVF, nice portrait with Max facing left with septer in his hand, near full silver, bust l. in consular robes and holding eagle-tipped scepter.3.62g, 23.6mm, 0, Lugdunum mint, 290-293 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS AVGG, Salus standing right feeding snake held in arms,  Bastien-416 (22 spec.), RIC-422, C-524.  officina C=3. EF


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Silvered antoninianus, RIC 348, superb EF, 3.4 g, 21 mm, Lugdunum mint, A.D. 292-293; reverse AEQVITAS AVGG, Aequitas holding scales and cornucopia.
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 Maximianus from Lugdunum, RIC V pt. 2, 447, dated there to AD 294. Mars Std. L holding branch and spear, leaning on shield.
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Maximianus. AE Antoninianus. IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG. Radiated and draped bust right. Reverse: IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG. Jupiter standing left, holding scepter and thunderbolt.

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Roman Egypt, Maximianus 286 - 305 AD. Potin Tetradrachm of Year 4 288 - 289 AD, Alexandria Mint. 6.68g. His laureate and draped bust rt. / Victory walking rt., holding a wreath and palm. Milne 4877. Nice VF with a very handsome portrait.

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Maximianus. 286-305 AD. Antoninianus (4.22 gm). Struck
292-295 AD. IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG,
radiate and cuirassed bust right / CONCORDIA MIL-ITVM, 
Maximianus standing right, holding sceptre and receiving
Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long sceptre; FE.

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Maximianus AE antoninianus, 3.7 gr., 21 mm. 286 AD O: "IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG" R: "VIRTVS AVGG", "C" in left field. Hercules holding club

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RIC Vol. VI, pg 476, #178b of Siscia.  RIC rates 
it a "Scarce".  Jupiter stands left, holding Victory on a globe, and leaning on a 
spear. "Iovi Conservat" would be "God
Save The King"...?
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Roman Imperial, Divus Maximianus (died c. AD 310), AE3. O: DIVO MAXIMIANO OPTIMO IMP. Laureate, veiled bust r. R: REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM. Emperor std. l. on curule chair, raising r. hand and holding scepter in l.;in exe: SIS RIC 104

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3,1 gr. O: "IMP CMA MAXIMIANVS PF AVG" R: "CONCORDIA MILITVM". In field "H" "B"

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Roman Empire, Maximianus 286 - 305 AD. Antoninianus. Siscia Mint. Rx./ Hercules standing rt., leaning on a club set on a base and a lion's skin. aVF/VF with a nice portrait and a well struck reverse. Scarcer and more desirable type for Maximianus.

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Egyptian billon tetradrachm struck for Maximaianus in his 6th Alexandrian year, reverse nude Hercules with lion skin and club. Attractive coin with nice surfaces and patina. Usual very thick flan.

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Bronze antoninianus, RIC 515,
4.28g, 24.2mm, 180, Rome mint, 293 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules standing right head left holding club downward in right and standard in left,
Mint Mark.....
XX {CRESCENT} IA
 

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Maximianus, AR argenteus, 286-310,(2.33g) Heraclea Mint, MAXIMIA NVS AVG
     Laureate head right / VICTORIAE SRMATICA Four tetrarchs
     sacrificing at camp gate, HB in exergue. cf. RSC551a(officina A)
     Good VF, deep crack.Heracleia 294 R3 Rare
 

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Bronze antoninianus, RIC 515, vf, 4.28g, 24.2mm, 180, Rome mint, 293 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG, Hercules standing right head left holding club downward in right and standard in left, XXIE in ex; scarce

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